Know about Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit-Baltistan is an integral part of India’s Jammu and Kashmir, but it has been under Pakistani occupation since independence. This area is neglected, isolated and almost undeveloped. Even in the Pakistani constitution, this part is not recognized as a state. Not only this, this part has also not been included in the constitution of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. Last year, the Imran Khan government had fought hard to make Gilgit-Baltistan the fifth province of Pakistan, but they could not get success. Gilgit – The capital of Baltistan is Gilgit. Gilgit-Baltistan is divided into 7 districts. These include the cities of Ganche, Skardu, Gilgit, Diamer, Gijar, Astor and Hunza.
How Gilgit-Baltistan was captured by Pakistan
Before India’s independence in 1947, Gilgit-Baltistan was a part of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. But, in 1935, the British took the entire Gilgit-Baltistan on a 60-year lease from the Maharaja of Kashmir. This area is situated at a high altitude, so the British had deployed a military contingent named Gilgit Scouts to protect the entire Gilgit-Baltistan at that time. When India became independent, the British canceled this lease on August 1, 1947 and returned the area to Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir. Then Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir made Brigadier Ghansar Singh the governor of Gilgit-Baltistan.
Gilgit-Baltistan’s army revolted and joined hands with Pakistan
Colonel Mirza Hasan Khan, the local commander of Gilgit-Baltistan, did not accept the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India. He, along with British military officers and his confidants, imprisoned the governor of Gilgit-Baltistan, Ghansar Singh. Not only this, he also made an agreement with Pakistan to merge Gilgit-Baltistan into Pakistan. The Pakistani flag was hoisted in Gilgit as a result of the rebellion on 2 November 1947. Pakistan immediately appointed a person named Mohammad Alam as its Sadar.
Gilgit-Baltistan connection is also connected with PoK
Meanwhile, the Pakistani army in the guise of tribals attacked Jammu and Kashmir. The Pakistani army captured many areas of Poonch, Nausera. When Raja Hari Singh requested for help by signing a pact with India, the Indian Army started action. This caused heavy losses to the Pakistani army and they began to retreat. But due to the matter going to the United Nations, both sides declared a ceasefire. Because of this, the part which remained under the control of Pakistan is today known as Pak Occupied Kashmir.
Pakistan created a separate administrative unit in 1949
Pakistan formed a masked government in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir to show off. On 28 April 1949, the masked government of PoK handed over Gilgit-Baltistan to Pakistan. After which in 1970, Pakistan gave the status of a separate administrative unit to Gilgit-Baltistan and it was named Northern Area. But, in 2007 its name was again changed to Gilgit-Baltistan. In 2009, the then President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari issued an order ordering the formation of an assembly in Gilgit-Baltistan and the formation of the Gilgit-Baltistan Council. The government order of 2009 was changed in 2018 and the powers of the assembly of Gilgit-Baltistan were extended.
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