The capacity of soldiers is from 20 thousand to 1 lakh 20 thousand
According to the report of The Hindu, arrangements were made for the accommodation of 20,000 soldiers by 2020 before the standoff started in the entire western area along the LAC. An official source, citing intelligence on condition of anonymity, said that China has now prepared shelters and military camps to keep 1 lakh 20 thousand soldiers near the border. They have also set up captive solar power and small hydro power projects in adjoining areas along the LAC to supply power to these military camps. This increases their ability to survive in winter manifold. This is different from the model villages of China, which have been settled in many areas along the LAC.
continuously rotating military divisions
The report quoted the source as saying that this military formation is within 100 km from the LAC on the Chinese side. Four PLA divisions under China’s Xinjiang Military District are being moved to eastern Ladakh. In 2020, when the standoff began, the 4th and 6th divisions of the People’s Liberation Army were stationed in the area. The 8th and 11th Divisions were deployed in 2021. This year, the fourth and sixth divisions have been redeployed as part of the rotation. All these divisions are in the process of being converted into Combined Arms Brigades. The weapons and equipment of these brigades have already been upgraded.
China upgrades weapons on LAC
The Chinese Army has inducted the third generation modern light tank named ZTQ 15 (Type 15) into the armored regiment in the 4th Division. This tank is replacing the already existing ZTZ-88 first generation tanks. At the same time, the fire control system in the Type 96A Second Generation Tank included in the 6th Division has been upgraded. Similarly, the latest ZTL-11 Armored Personal Carrier has been deployed in the two Mechanized Brigades, which operate Wheeled Armored Personal Carriers. This vehicle is replacing the obsolete ZBL-08 APC. China has included the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle of the CSK series, which looks like the American Humvee.
Air defense system and airbase also upgraded
An official source, citing inputs, said that China has similarly upgraded its air defense systems and airbases in areas adjoining the LAC. Blast resistance shelters have been built in these, where aircraft can be hidden during attack. At the same time, the runway has also been expanded. Another official said that China has significantly upgraded its airbases everywhere. The PLA has developed heliports in Shigatse and Rudok. At the same time, blast shelters have been constructed by expanding the runway in Gargunsh, Lhasa and Guangzhou. India and China have deployed tanks to mountain peaks more than 15,000 feet high after a clash over the Kailash Range on the southern bank of Pangong Tso in August 2020. The Indian Army has also floated a tender for the purchase of light tanks.
Rocket Launchers and Missiles Deployed
In terms of long-range firepower, the PLA has upgraded its artillery with truck-mounted howitzers with a range of 50 km to replace the towed howitzers. Officials said this has given it better maneuverability and faster attack power. In addition, the PLA has also deployed the PHL-3 Multi-Rocket Launch System (MRLS) with a range of more than 100 km. It is a Chinese variant of the Russian Smerch MRLS, with three regiments already deployed in the Indian Army. China has deployed HQ-17 surface-to-air missiles along the LAC, replacing old air defense systems.
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